(Don't ask about Base Three) If you can not see, it is actually many more than just four bases. Base One- Hand What are some relationship tips for teens?. Your second baseman is essentially a shortstop, on the right side of the infield. If there is one . While the image above is a shortstop, hand/glove relationship is the same at second base. . second base coaching tips ~ from the dugout. Training the second baseman to cover the bag when not fielding the ball is be sprinting in to back up throws to bases they develop this habit through drill . is on the field its relationship to the defensive players and the the base runners.
They stand next to the base, but are not in contact with the magnet. This frees them up to Move to the ball when it's off line.
We teach our players to stand on the same side of the base the ball is coming from, but not in the path of the runner. This teaching detail can can be reserved for players at the 10 year old level and above.
Positioning for a force out is slightly different. In this situation the defensive player starts in a Ready Position facing the ball, with their throwing hand foot's heel centered at the side of the base the ball is coming from, and a couple inches from the base.
This is primarily in reference to taking a throw at first when the side of the base the ball is coming from is not in the path of the runner. When taking a throw on a force out at another base or home plate, the defensive player often would find themself in the path of the runner when standing on the side of the base the ball is coming from. In such case, the defensive player, in a Ready Position, positions the heel of one foot next to the corner of the base, with the other foot away from the path of the runner.
This is where the common confusion of the 'stretch' position of taking a throw comes into play. It is not until the throw is in the air and the player sees that it will be accurate that they move into a stretch position. The teaching statement is, "Don't commit your feet until you see the ball".Second Base Drills - Middle Infield Series by IMG Academy Baseball Program (2 of 4)
The problem in the misunderstanding of the 'stretch' position comes from the fact that, when watching a game, our eyes are following the ball and not the defensive player setting up to take the throw at the base most often this is first base.
We don't see that the player often the first basemanfirst sets up in a 'Ready Position'. Only after they recognize the throw is accurate, so they move into a stretch position. But the average fan, who is following the ball, only sees the player receiving the throw at the end of the play after they have already moved out of the Ready Position to a Stretch Position. Ball First, Base Second The actions of the game are dictated by where the ball is on the field its relationship to the defensive players and the the base runners.
Given these facts, players on defense want to watch the ball. However, the infielders who are not making a play on the ball have higher priority regarding their defensive responsibilities - they need to cover a base. When coaching our team we want to constantly remind our infielders that if they aren't getting the ball, they need to cover a base. Covering a base properly means taking their eyes off the ball and directing their eyes to the base they are responsible for covering.
This means staring at the base, while sprinting to it. Only after they arrive at the base do they turn around and face the ball in preparation for the possibility of receiving a throw. This action requires maybe a second or two to complete.
Second Base Fundamentals ~ It's more than just ground balls and a short throw!
We tell our players, 'Cover the base, then you can watch the game from there'. Look for other runners - In many teaching situations this phrase is taught as "look for the next play". When working with kids we want to structure our talk as literally as possible.
When looking for the next play what are we looking for?
Defensive Responsibilities — Baseball Positive
We are looking to see if any of the other runners are trying to advance, and if they are, be prepared to make a throw. After making a play at a base, we want to train our players to immediately get into a Power Position, while Moving Their Feet towards the middle of the diamond.
With this habit in place, when there is a time that another runner is trying to advance, our players are prepared to throw and are moving towards the base they need to throw to gaining ground toward the middle of the infield is moving a player closer to the other three bases.
Baseball is a Game of Movement This section is dedicated to helping coaches teach kids their defensive responsibilities on each play regardless of where the ball is hit or where the runners are. The concepts laid out in this section can help us improve teaching kids 'how to play the game'. Before digging in, let's add something to the old coaching comment, "Be sure you know what to do if the ball is hit to you". But the ball is hit to one player; what about the other eight?
We must also teach our players to, "Know what you are going to do when the ball is NOT hit to you". When the game is played properly each player on defense is moving sprinting the moment the ball comes off the bat. Often, as the play evolves, and the ball moves around the field, some players will have to MOVE and re-position themselves as their responsibilities change.
Moving the Ball on Defense We want to instruct our players to 'keep the ball moving' when handling it on defense. There are two ways to transport the ball around the field: Throw the ball Carry the ball Most kids only consider the first option. We want to teach our players early on that they are not required to throw the ball in order to move it around the field. It is perfectly acceptable to carry the ball. Many young players do not recognize they have the option of carrying the ball to its destination.
They believe that the ball is only moved by making a throw. It is important to point this out to our players very early in the year. When those times come up that a player is not sure what to do with the ball, the teaching is run with the ball straight for the pitching rubber.
Each step closer to the middle of the diamond, the player with the ball becomes a greater threat to the base runners and they are that much more likely to not try advancing to the next base. Get the ball to the middle of the infield When the ball is near the pitching rubber, the player with the ball is an equal, and significant, threat to all base runners. This is why the pitching rubber is the destination for a player who is not sure of what to do with the ball.
While that player is heading toward the pitching rubber, they are assessing the the situation on the field. It is likely that while they are on the move, they will figure out where to throw the ball. At which time they can go ahead and make the throw. This throw has a better chance of being a good one because, as a result of moving the ball toward the middle of the diamond, they have shortened the distance required of the throw.
The ball is constantly moving on defence As soon as a player has control of the ball they must immediately move the ball No standing in one spot holding the ball. When throwing the ball, there are two options Overhand Throw The first day we work on team defense we want to explain that the catcher's position is Not behind home plate Once the ball is put in play the catcher moves to their 'position', in front of home plate Any drill in which the focus of the teaching is something other than working on full on overhand throwing technique can be run on a Mini Diamond.
Use of the Mini Diamond is referenced throughout the Coaching Guide. It is constructed using cones, throw down bases, ball caps, extra shirts that are laying around, a leaf, anything. If you anticipate a bad throw, the good ones will be easy and you will be able to deal with those which are not so good. The basic pivot requires you to get quickly to the bag, square up to where the ball will be coming from, third base or shortstop, with your left foot on the bag.
When the ball is thrown, step to the ball with your right foot, catch and throw. Attempt to turn double plays using both hands. If you think of your glove hand and your throwing hand as tied together with an 8 inch cord at the wrist, they will be in the optimum position for a quick and solid turn.
Second Base Fundamentals
Keeping them close allows you to get the ball in, and out of your glove quickly. You are looking to develop a process that is smooth and quick. Covering First Base On Bunts Along with knowing the bunt situations in which you will need to cover first base, time should be spent on your footwork around the bag at first.
More often these plays will be close and you have the added factor of the runner to work with. Getting to the base as quickly as possible will alleviate some of the stress.
As with a first baseman, wait on comitting to the throw until you see where it is going. Committing too soon can lead to being crossed up, and a poor throw getting by you, creating additional problems. The rule is ball first, bag second. Do whatever you need to do to keep the ball at first base, even it it takes you off the bag.
As long as you keep the ball there, runners will not be advancing. Steals and Tags There are a couple schools of thought on positioning for tags. One is, straddle the bag, the second is set up on the front side of the bag.
I personally like straddling the bag, as there is less of a tendency for wanting to reach out, catch the throw, then bringing the ball back to tag the runner.
The thrown ball will get to the base faster if you let it travel. Catching it and making a tag is slower than letting the ball travel to the bag, catching it and applying the tag. You will see it done both ways, at all levels. Experiment with a stop watch and see which is faster. Do it enough times to get a true average for both options. Speed is what you are looking to gain. Rundowns Rundowns are essential skills for all infielders.
Teams have differing rundown philosophiesplayers need to adapt within the current philosophy. There are three basic philosophies for rundown situations, none of which is better than another.
It comes down to a comfort zone for the coach in charge. The link above for rundown philosophies, will take you through each one. Unlike the "pickel" game you played in the back yard or park, you want to end this situation with a minimum of throws. The longer it takes, the more throws you make, chances of a defensive mistake become greater.