U.S. Relations With Chile
U.S.-CHILE RELATIONS. Chile, one of the United States' strongest partners in Latin America, has maintained a robust democracy for the last. Last Friday, Donald J. Trump took over as the 45th president of the United States of America, in a ceremony that complied with the usual ritual. How have the relations between the U.S. and Chile evolved over recent years? As you pointed out, the President was launching a new era in U.S. diplomatic.
Responding to these fears and a concern for growing Soviet influence in the Western Hemisphere, the United States embarked on a covert campaign to prevent Allende from gaining office and to destabilize his government after his election was ratified. Although the United States did not have a direct hand in the overthrow of Allende, it welcomed the coup and provided assistance to the military regime.
The widespread violations of human rights in Chile, combined with a strong rejection of covert activities engaged in abroad by the administration of President Richard M. Nixon, galvanized United States congressional opposition to United States ties with Chile's military government.
History of US-Chile Relations | US-Chile Relations
With the election of Jimmy Carter inthe United States took an openly hostile attitude toward the Chilean military government, publicly condemning human rights violations and pressing for the restoration of democracy. Particularly disturbing to the United States government was the complicity of the Chilean intelligence services in the assassination in Washington of Chilean ambassador Orlando Letelier and one of his associates, a United States citizen. That incident contributed to the isolation of the Pinochet government internationally and led to a sharp rift in relations between both countries.
The Chilean military turned elsewhere for its procurement needs and encouraged the development of a domestic arms industry to replace United States equipment.
Chile and United States: A “win-win” relation
With the defeat of Jimmy Carter and the election of Ronald Reagan, the pendulum in the relations between both countries swung the other way. Reagan argued that anticommunist authoritarian regimes should not be antagonized for fear that they might be undermined, leading to the triumph of a Marxist left, as in Nicaragua.
Chile would be pushed to respect human rights through "quiet diplomacy," while the United States government reestablished normal ties with the dictatorship. The new policy did not last long. What are the most frequent questions among U. They tend to try to figure out if there are any subsidies or any programs the government is promoting in terms of attracting investment.
What we are able to tell them is that the investment climate in Chile is quite favorable, it has a long history of political and legal stability, there is strong rule of law and it is a place where historically you have seen companies come and feel comfortable, it ranks high on transparency, there are no issues with corruption.
We recently had a delegation from Tampa Bay area, as well as a group from Texas, looking at opportunities here and they were extremely pleased. They are looking at other State-to-Chile partnerships that bring our countries closer together and look at furthering cooperation, for example on issues like science and technology.
When we are talking about investments, we should also think of the astronomy investments the United States is making in Chile, which provides one of the best platforms in the world for looking at the stars. So Chile is number one in astronomy and we have a great partnership with Chile through our National Science Foundation, building new and incredibly powerful telescopes and other exiting projects.
The Visa Waiver Program is an important new development in U. It allows Chilean citizens to travel to the United States for tourism or business purposes for up to 90 days without a visa.
How has this agreement impacted the tourism and business activity between the two countries?
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It has been phenomenal; I think that is the way to describe it. In the first six months of the Visa Waiver Program, approximately 56, Chileans travelled to the United States, trouble and visa free. I have to say our statistics show a 21 percent increase from what we saw during a similar period a year ago. In terms of an increase of U.
So it has been one of those agreements that has reaped immediate benefits for both people, creating greater business opportunities for both countries and also to promote better understanding. The more people travel between our countries, the more they get to know our culture and our way of life. And that greater understanding promotes better relations. In which areas do you think the two countries should cooperate more in the future?
That is an excellent but tough question, because we have such an expansive and deep relationship that it is a challenge to think: How can we make sure that our businesses remain competitive?
How can we make sure we are serving our people well? How can we make sure we are protecting our environment and working to develop the technologies and the right approaches to ensure our citizens are better off in the 21st century?
How can we ensure security by working together with our militaries to advance peace keeping and humanitarian disaster relief? So it is a challenge. Probably what we can see as potential for further cooperation is in the area of combating climate change and environmental issues. Chile has a responsible stewardship of its environment and we share that same passion and want to share experiences to see how we, together, can motivate others in the region and the world to be responsible as we look not only to advance economic opportunity but to do it in a way that is sustainable and that serves our people well.
Chile is undergoing major structural reforms, focusing on social development. What is the impact of the reforms on the business community and how are these changes seen from the White House?
Spanish is the official language. The conflict grew out of a dispute between Chile and Bolivia to control part of the Atacama Desert, an area considered to contain valuable mineral resources. A truce was ultimately drawn between Chile and Bolivia, following defeat and loss of life, in which control of the Bolivian Coast was given to Chile.
This arrangement was made permanent in In modern times, the armed forces, under the leadership of General Augusto Pinochet, staged a coup on 11 Septemberoverthrowing the left-wing government of Salvador Allende. President Allende died in the Presidential Palace on the same day. The military junta suspended the constitution, dissolved congress, imposed strict censorship and banned all political parties.
In DecemberChile returned to democracy, with Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin winning the presidential election. System of government Under Chile's constitution, the president, as head of state, serves a four-year term and is unable to serve a second consecutive term.
In the bicameral congress, Chile's Chamber of Deputies and Senate have and 38 elected members respectively. Deputies sit in office for four years, while Senators are elected to serve an eight-year period.
U.S. Department of State
The Pacific Alliance economic integration process, covering goods, services, people and capital, offers potential economic opportunities beyond Chile's current bilateral FTAs with these countries. For example, Pacific Alliance members have integrated their stock exchanges to form the second-largest stock exchange in Latin America. Chile has maintained consular, but not diplomatic relations with Bolivia since and the War of the Pacific, which has led to a long-term border dispute.
Bolivia has sought to regain a coastline, including by bringing a claim against Chile before the International Court of Justice ICJ in Hearings on whether the ICJ had jurisdiction in the matter commenced in May The case is currently before the Court. On 27 Januarythe ICJ issued its final judgment over a longstanding maritime border dispute between Chile and Peru. Despite requiring Chile to cede territory, both countries have agreed to abide by the ruling in what some see as a cause for optimism regarding bilateral relations between the two nations.
Chile served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council during the periods,and China is Chile's largest trading partner. Chile's trade focus in Asia is supported by a growing list of free trade agreements and investment treaties, including with China, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Republic of Korea and Vietnam. Chile has strong political, economic and trade relations with the United States US.
Both are among the countries negotiating the Plurilateral Services Agreement.
Both countries also share common interests in regional and global issues ranging from the environment, the Antarctic and illegal fishing, through to disarmament and regional security. The first known Chilean to arrive in Australia was former president and political exile, General Ramon Freire, who arrived in Chileans in Australia numbered 90 in the Census and grew slowly until the late s.
Numbers increased more rapidly from the s onwards, with the Census recording 26, Chilean-born people in Australia.
Australia's Chilean diaspora now includes second and third generation Chilean Australians. People to people links Australia is an attractive education destination for Chileans.