Chinese Philosophy and Chinese Medicine (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Jul 29, The concept of yin and yang (Pinyin: yīnyáng; Traditional Chinese: 陰陽; to describe the relationships existing within and between the body and Though the words yin and yang only appear once in the Dao De Jing, the book is full of . flag of South Korea; Yi Jing · neo-Confucianism · Neijia · qi; qigong. Here, yin and yang are the qi of the universe. these relations and analogies (in forming ceremonies), to. A thing can be understood only in relation to something else. This is the essential What is the relationship between Qi and yin and yang? Everything that is yin.
The concept of yinyang supplies a unitary vision of heaven, earth and human beings and makes the world intelligible in terms of a resonance between human beings and the universe.
The Guoyu Discourses of the States describes how earthquakes took place at the confluence of the Jing, Wei, and Lou rivers during the second year of Duke You of the western Zhou dynasty. If its order vanishes people will be disoriented.
Yang was stuck and could not get out, yin was suppressed and could not evaporate, so an earthquake was inevitable. Now the earthquakes around the three rivers are due to yang losing its place and yin being pressed down.
Yin and Yang - New World Encyclopedia
Yang is forsaken under yin so the source of rivers has been blocked. If the foundation of rivers is blocked the country will definitely collapse. Discourse of the States Human beings, especially political leaders, must align their virtuous actions with the morally-oriented universe.
If they follow and harmonize with shun the order and patterns of the universe, they will be rewarded with prosperity and flourishing, but if they go against and conflict with ni it, they will be punished with disasters and destruction.
Whether one engages in shun or ni depends upon whether yin and yang are in a state of balance. Thus, yinyang provides a heuristic outlook for human understanding as well as ethical guidance for achieving harmony in action. As chapter 8 of the Huainanzi claims: Yinyang embodies the harmony of heaven and earth, manifests the forms of myriad things, contains qi to transform the things and completes various kinds of things; yinyang extends and penetrates to the deepest level; begins in emptiness then becomes full and moves in boundless lands.
Yinyang as Xingzi Concrete Substance Yinyang also has been understood as some concrete substance xingzhiaccording to which yixing and yangxing define everything in the universe. Yang was identified with the sun and yin with the moon: Heaven and earth correlate with vast and profound; four seasons correlate with change and continuity [biantong]; the significance of yin and yang correlate with sun and moon; the highest excellence [zhide] correlates the goodness of easy and simple.
This xingzhi interpretation materializes the concept of yinyang in some concrete contexts and shows that the universe is orderly, moral and gendered.
The pattern of the world is written in a gendered language. Yinyang is something one can see, feel, and grasp through the senses.
For example, in the Liji Book of Ritualmusic represents the he harmony of heaven and earth, while li ritual represents the order of heaven and earth: The harmony of yinyang receives the myriad things.
According to Dong Zhongshu, B. Therefore, there is an intrinsic connection between tian and human beings through the movement of yin and yang. Yinyang is an essential vehicle for interactions between heaven and human beings: When it is among human beings it is displayed itself as like, dislike, happy and mad, when it is in heaven it is seen as warm, chilly, cold and hot.
Men, embodying yang, should remain in seclusion.
- Yin and Yang
- Scientific Qi Exploration (18): Relations Between the Yin (Zhang) Organs
- Chinese Philosophy and Chinese Medicine
Women, embodying yin, should appear in public. He even requests all married couples to copulate ouchu to secure more yinyang intercourse. It is also important during this time to make women happy.
The north gate, the direction of yin, should be wide open. Women should go into concealment and men should be visible. Officers in the city should send their wives to the countryside in order to make sure that yin will not conquer yang. Five zang organs -- the kidneys, liver, heart, spleen and lungs -- are classified as yin.
They control the storage of vital substance and qi. Six fu organs -- the gallbladder, stomach, small and large intestines, urinary bladder and triple burner referring to three parts of the body cavity: The storage is a yin function, and the transport and transformation of substance is a yang function.
But the zang and fu organs can be further subdivided into yin and yang. The activity or function of each organ is its yang aspect, while its substance is its yin aspect. Yin should flow smoothly and yang should vivify steadily. They regulate themselves so as to maintain equilibrium. Yin and yang do not exist in isolation but are in a dynamic state in which they interact and fashion the complicated and intricate system of the human body.
The Yinyang Symbol There is no a clear and definite way to determine the exact date of origin or the person who created the popular yinyang symbol. No one has ever claimed specific ownership of this popular image. However, there is a rich textual and visual history leading to its creation. Inspired by a primeval vision of cosmic harmony, Chinese thinkers have sought to codify this order in various intellectual constructions.
Whether to formulate this underlying pattern through words and concepts or numbers and visual images has been debated since the Han dynasty. The question first surfaced in the interpretation of the Yijing.
The Yijing is constructed around sixty-four hexagrams guaeach of which is made of six parallel broken or unbroken line segments yao. Each of the sixty-four hexagrams has a unique designation; its image xiang refers to a particular natural object and conveys the meaning of human events and activities.
The Yijing thus has generated a special way to decipher the universe. It mainly incorporates three elements: They act as the mediators between heavenly cosmic phenomena and earthly human everyday life. From the Han dynasty through the Ming and Qing dynasties CEthere was a consistent tension between two schools of thought: At issue between them is how best to interpret the classics, particularly the Yijing.
The question often was posed as: It held that xiangshu are indispensable structures expressing the Way of heaven, earth and human being. The emphasis is on the appreciation of classics.
Yin and yang
In other word, the school of Yili treats all classics as supporting evidence for their own ideas and theories. The emphasis is more on idiosyncratic new theories rather than the explanation of the classics. In what follows, our inquiry focuses on the legacy of the Xiangshu school.
The most common effort of the Xiangshu school was to draw tu diagrams. Generations of intellectuals labored on the formulation and creation of numerous tu. Tu often delineate structure, place, and numbers through black and white lines. They are not aesthetic objects but rather serve as a means of articulating the fundamental patterns that govern phenomena in the universe. Tu are universes in microcosm and demonstrate obedience to definite norms or rules.
During the Song dynasty CEthe Daoist monk Chen Tuan CE made an important contribution to this tradition by drawing a few tu in order to elucidate the Yijing. Though none of his tu were directly passed down, he is considered the forerunner of the school of tushu diagrams and writings.
It is said that he left behind three tu; since his death, attempting to discover these tu has become a popular scholarly pursuit. After Chen Tuan, three trends in making tu emerged, exemplified by the work of three Neo-Confucian thinkers: A Chinese Science of Applied Cosmology. Qi, therefore, is contained in the foods we eat and the air we breathe. But more subtly it is also the life force in the human body and as such is the basis of all physical vitality.
By extension, qi also denotes anything perceptible but intangible: There is only one qi, just as there is only one Dao. But it, too, appears on different levels of subtlety and in different modes. At the center, there is primordial qi, prenatal qi, or true, perfect qi; at the periphery there is postnatal qi—like the measurable Dao it is in constant motion and divided according to categories such as temperature, density, speed of flow, and impact on human life.
Qi is the basic material of all that exists. It animates life and furnishes functional power of events. Qi is the root of the human body; its quality and movement determine human health. Qi can be discussed in terms of quantity, since having more means stronger metabolic function. This does not mean that health is a byproduct of storing large quantities of qi. Instead, there is a normal or healthy amount of qi in every person and every aspect of nature, and health manifests in their overall balance and harmony, moderation and smoothness of flow.
This flow is envisioned as a complex system of waterways both in nature and in the human body.