AGRICULTURE AND AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRIES
Is there a relationship between agro-allied products and agriculture? the agro- allied phrase, let us understand what agro-allied industries. Agro Allied industries or Agro-based industries are the industries whose primary raw materials are agricultural Relationship between Agriculture and Industry. understanding the agricultural sector in relation to the strategies employed by government to develop the For instance in United States of America, agriculture population and a major source of raw materials for the agro-allied industries.
Epigenetic effects[ edit ] The female agricultural workers are not the only ones that suffer damage from pesticide exposure.
Meaning of 'agro-allied' and its synonyms
Husbands of the agricultural worker as well as the children and grandchildren and great-grandchildren are also affected. This is due to exposure to organophosphorus pesticides because they have been shown to cause damage to DNA in sperm cells. The damage may not cause any noticeable abnormalities in the development of the child born to a father with sperm cell DNA damage.
However, it could lead to such serious complications as autism caused by chromosomal abnormalities or leukemia. Scientific limitations[ edit ] The two most common limitations in studying the health effects of pesticide exposure in women are the small sample sizes and the lack of toxicological data. However, this is nearly impossible because migrant workers and seasonal employees do not typically live in the same place throughout the year.
Such living arrangements also make agricultural workers difficult to get in contact with. The most common methods for scientific researchers to find a person's contact information are not available for these populations.
Health insurance information is not available and contact information left with an employer may not be correct year-round. This is due to the inconsistencies in the end of an agricultural work day practices — such as removing work clothing before going home, showering before going home, etc.
Additionally, the proximity of agricultural workers' homes to the fields they harvest results in more exposure to the pesticides, and the amount of exposure at home is even more difficult to measure. Occupational safety[ edit ] In addition to the scientific limitations regarding pesticide exposure data, a variety of challenges exist in the industry for female farmworkers.
- AGRO PROCESSING
- AGRICULTURE AND AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRIES
Occupational safety measures are not always well defined and rarely enforced. This means that not all laborers are subject to safety training through their provider. One of the first steps of protection against exposure is through personal protective equipment PPEs. However, PPEs are not regularly used and rarely includes all the recommended protective measures such as goggles and gloves.
It is possible for non-laborers to be exposed to pesticides through clothing contamination. In order to maintain a safe home environment, clothing from spraying pesticides should be cleaned and stored separately from other clothing in the household. This negatively impacts health outcomes because employees that have not received safety training are not able to read the warning labels and instructions on the pesticides.
In one study, "Only 85 Other issues reported by female farm workers include receiving less pay than their male counterparts and a refusal or reluctance by their employers to offer their female workers the same additional benefits given to male workers such as housing. Studies have shown that safety recautions and regulations tend to focus on the male's work because of the traditional idea that the male farm workers work is more dangerous and risky than the females, despite women also engaging in equally risky work such as caring for farm animals or using farming machinery.
Farm work is one of three most dangerous occupations in the United States. Increased enforcement and compliance of existing EPA's Worker Protection Standards  is needed to protect women workers from pesticide exposures as well as new policies that specifically address women's reproductive health and to their families and unborn children.
This includes prenatal care  for undocumented workers whose child born in the United States is considered an American by the 14 Amendment of the US Constitution or the Citizenship Clause. Additional work on compliance onsite by OSHA. Majority of the inputs in the manufacturing industry are agricultural products. Rubber Latex is used as a raw material in the shoe and tyre industries.
Promotes socio-economic development- Strong synergies can exist between agro-industry, agriculture and poverty alleviation. Agro-industry provides capital and services to farmers e.
Agriculture in the United States
As a result, productivity and quality of agricultural production, farm returns, and economic stability for rural households, food security and innovation throughout the value chain can be enhanced. Regional stabilization and sustainability- The dense population of the urban areas can be mitigated by adequately developing economic activities in the rural region. Making agriculture lucrative for the rural inhabitants will curb excess migration and foster economic sustainability for the region.
Integration into global markets- Most of what we produce are consumed in the country with only a little portion being exported. This is due to the fact that we barely produce enough to meet our local demand which in turn fosters importation of supplementary products. With the current attention the agro industry is receiving, production are geared towards making Nigeria an Agric export country giving us the opportunity to compete in the global market.
Processing can also extend the period of availability of food products, reducing the "hungry gap" between harvests and mitigating the seasonal rise in food costs at these times, which puts so many people a nutritional risk. Several new technologies and refinements of traditional procedure are now available for rural people to use at village level Agro processing can be classified into three major commodity groups: Crop processing, Livestock processing, and Fish processing.
Another latent area is forest wood processing.
Agriculture in the United States - Wikipedia
National and Regional Policies- There is no separate policy articulation for the development of agribusiness except for the brief objectives stated in the Agricultural Policy for Nigeria document for agricultural commodity processing. There is no specific national policy that focuses on the development of agribusiness as an important sub-sector - especially in the areas of agricultural commodity quality standardization, storage, processing, packaging, haulage, and marketing.
The Nigerian industrial policy is outdated and inconsistent with the situation of today. The last industrial policy was formulated in and ever since then the government has been unable to come out with a comprehensive industrial policy for Nigeria.
According to a survey infrastructure problems are nearly two and a half times worse than the next biggest problem - finance. The deficiencies in the supply of electricity are, by far, the biggest infrastructure problem as reported by 94 percent of the firms in their sample survey.
Agro Processing in Nigeria - Agriculture Nigeria
These responses are costly, as they lead to low capacity utilization, reduced output, and high production costs. Other infrastructural problems include access to land, good roads, storage facilities, water and transportation among others 3. Finance-The next major problem in the Nigerian business sector is the high cost of funds arising from the depreciation of the local currency Naira against major currencies coupled with high lending rates and extreme difficulties in accessing credit for working capital, especially for small agribusiness ventures.
Presently, the lending rate has been allowed to float and in some banks it is as high as 25 percent.