Chinese Culture, Tradition, and Customs — Penn State University and Peking University
A new UK exhibition features several centuries of Chinese painting. The Culture Show looks at the history of one of the greatest cultural. Painting The roots of Chinese painting can be traced back to the . cultural cooperation, and had close cultural relations with more than Chinese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists. The Chinese art in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and that of overseas .. Early forms of art in China are found in the Neolithic Yangshao culture, which dates back to the 6th millennium BC. Archeological.
Two of the most famous poets of the period were Li Bai and Du Fu. Tang poetry has had an ongoing influence on world literature and modern and quasi-modern poetry.
The Quantangshi "Complete Tang Poems" anthology compiled in the early eighteenth century includes over 48, poems written by over 2, authors. Ci use a set of poetic meters derived from a base set of certain patterns, in fixed-rhythm, fixed-tone, and variable line-length formal types, or model examples: Originally they were written to be sung to a tune of that title, with set rhythm, rhymeand tempo.
There were also enormous works of historiography and large encyclopedias, such as Sima Guang 's Zizhi Tongjian of or the Four Great Books of Song fully compiled and edited by the 11th century. Notable ConfucianistsTaoists and scholars of all classes have made significant contributions to and from documenting history to authoring saintly concepts that seem hundreds of years ahead of time. Although the oldest surviving textual examples of surviving ci are from 8th century CE Dunhuang manuscripts beginning in the poetry of the Liang Dynastythe ci followed the tradition of the Shi Jing and the yuefu: The form was further developed in the Tang Dynasty.
Although the contributions of Li Bo also known as Li Po, — are fraught with historical doubt, certainly the Tang poet Wen Tingyun — was a great master of the ci, writing it in its distinct and mature form. However, the ci form of Classical Chinese poetry is especially associated with the poetry of the Song Dynastyduring which it was indeed a popular poetic form. A revival of the ci poetry form occurred during the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty which was characterized by an exploration of the emotions connected with romantic love together with its valorization, often in a context of a brief poetic story narrative within a ci poem or a linked group of ci poems in an application of the chuanqi form of short story tales to poetry.
Qu poetry The Qu form of poetry is a type of Classical Chinese poetry formconsisting of words written in one of a number of certain, set tone patternsbased upon the tunes of various songs. Thus Qu poems are lyrics with lines of varying longer and shorter lengths, set according to the certain and specific, fixed patterns of rhyme and tone of conventional musical pieces upon which they are based and after which these matched variations in lyrics or individual Qu poems generally take their name.
In Chinese literaturethe Qu Chinese: The San in Sanqu refers to the detached status of the Qu lyrics of this verse form: Four Great Classical Novels The Four Great Classical  or Classic Novels of Chinese literature  [a] are the four novels commonly regarded by Chinese literary criticism to be the greatest and most influential of pre-modern Chinese fiction.
Dating from the Ming and Qing dynasties, they are well-known to most Chinese either directly or through their many adaptations to Chinese opera and other popular culture media. They are among the world's longest and oldest novels  and are considered to be the pinnacle of China's achievement in classic novels, influencing the creation of many stories, plays, movies, games, and other forms of entertainment throughout countries in East Asiaincluding JapanKoreaand Vietnam.
The novel as an extended prose narrative which realistically creates a believable world of its own evolved in China and in Europe from the 14th to 18th centuries, though a little earlier in China. Chinese audiences were more interested in history and were more historically minded.
They appreciated relative optimism, moral humanism, and relative emphasis on collective behavior and the welfare of the society. In both China and Western Europe, the novel gradually became more autobiographical and serious in exploration of social, moral, and philosophical problems.
In today's China, Buddhist temples, Buddhist caves and grottoes and Buddhist Holy Mountains, especially the ones listed in the national or provincial historical and cultural relics, have become the hot spots for tourism. It is not uncommon for the income of a temple to cover the expenses of a whole county or district.
Taoism in China In the Chinese language the word tao means "way," indicating a way of thought or life.
There have been several such ways in China's long history, including Confucianism and Buddhism. In about the 6th century BC, under the influence of ideas credited to a man named Lao-tzu, Taoism became "the way".
Chinese Culture & Arts-II
Taoism began as a complex system of philosophical thought that could be indulged in by only a few individuals. In later centuries it emerged, perhaps under the influence of Buddhism, as a communal religion.
It later evolved as a popular folk religion. Philosophical Taoism speaks of a permanent Tao in the way that some Western religions speak of God.
The Tao is considered unnamed and unknowable, the essential unifying element of all that is. Everything is basically one despite the appearance of differences.
Because all is one, matters of good and evil and of true or false, as well as differing opinions, can only arise when people lose sight of the oneness and think that their private beliefs are absolutely true.
This can be likened to a person looking out a small window and thinking he sees the whole world, when all he sees is one small portion of it. Because all is one, life and death merge into each other as do the seasons of the year.
They are not in opposition to one another but are only two aspects of a single reality.
Artist Illustrates The Difference Between Chinese And Western Cultures In Everyday Situations
The life of the individual comes from the one and goes back into it. The goal of life for a Taoist is to cultivate a mystical relationship to the Tao. Adherents therefore avoid dispersing their energies through the pursuit of wealth, power, or knowledge.
By shunning every earthly distraction, the Taoist is able to concentrate on life itself. The longer the adherent's life, the more saintly the person is presumed to have become. Eventually the hope is to become immortal. He lived in Ancient China during the Zhou Dynasty. Confucius was a government official, and during his lifetime he lived from to B. Perhaps due to the turmoil and injustices he saw, he set himself to develop a new moral code based on respect, honesty, education, kindness and strong family bonds.
His teachings later became the basis for religious and moral life throughout China. The Five Virtues of Confucius Confucius believed that a good government was the basis for a peaceful and happy society.
And the basis for a good government was good officials. Li for ritual etiquette, manners, gravity "Men's natures are alike, it is their habits that carry them far apart. Once confined to the kitchens of the palace, the legendary Peking Duck is now served at thousands of restaurants around Beijing, as well as around the world. The origin of the Peking Duck dates back to the Ming Dynasty, about years ago. Cooks from all over China travelled to the capital Beijing to cook for the Emperor.
It was a prestigious occupation as only the best chefs could enter the palace kitchens. A top cook was even able to reach the rank of a minister!