Lorraine Hansberry Biography | Chicago Public Library
Lorraine Vivian Hansberry was born on May 19, , in the midst of In June , she met songwriter Robert Nemiroff, the son of Hansberry's former husband, Nemiroff, was a pop song writer and personal family friend. In , playwright Lorraine Hansberry bought this building with money Though she and her husband Robert Nemiroff had separated in while they lived The meeting was held at a Kennedy family apartment at 24 Central Park South. Lorraine Hansberry is best known for her play, A Raisin in the Sun, with were ruled illegal (which did not stop enforcement of them in Chicago and other cities). She met Robert Nemiroff on a picket line, and they were married in Moving with her husband to Croton-on-Hudson, Lorraine Hansberry.
Sources Playwright Lorraine Hansberry ushered in a new era of U. She brought to the stage the realistic portrayal of urban, working-class African American life. Writer James Baldwin offered insights into the impact of her work through his description of the staging of her landmark play A Raisin in the Sun: When her additional writings became available in the s, several literary critics argued for an even broader recognition of her stature.
Commitment Amid Complexity, Steven R. When all of her work is brought into view, she should be seen as one of the most important playwrights of this century, not simply on the basis of the one play already considered a classic, but on her collective work.
She created her own distinctly broad literary vision by incorporating into her works penetrating views of prevailing social conditions, along with aspects of her own life and experiences. The author is said to have endured a lifelong struggle between her upper-middle-class affluence and her unwavering commitment to black liberation and freedom from all forms of oppression.
And in his commentary on the original, uncut screenplay for the film A Raisin in the Sun, filmmaker Spike Lee wrote: Attended University of Wisconsin; studied painting in Mexico, summer ; studied art at Roosevelt University, summer ; attended New School for Social ResearchNew Yorkfall ; studied African history and culture with W.
Young Progressives of America, ; various peace and freedom movements, Freedom periodicalstaff writer,associate editor,occasional contributor, ; represented Paul Robeson at Intercontinental Peace Congress, MontevideoUruguay; taught at Frederick Douglass School, Harlem, ; full-time writer, beginning ; completed draft of A Raisin in the Sun,and wrote screenplay for Columbia Pictures, ; commissioned to write slavery drama, The Drinking Gourd, for NBC-TV, ; drama canceled by NBC before airing; began working on opera, Toussaint, and several other plays, ; mobilized support and fund-raised for Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC; joined James Baldwin and others to meet with Attorney General Robert Kennedy on racial crisis, ; wrote The Movement: Circle Award for best play of the year inshe became the first black writer, the fifth woman, and the youngest American playwright ever to receive the honor.
In A Raisin in the Sun, Hansberry portrays a black, working-class family in Chicago struggling to achieve—with dignity—upward social mobility and the freedom to buy property in a wealthy, suburban, white neighborhood. In an address quoted in To Be Young, Gifted and Black, she recounted her knowledge of the time and place of the play: I was born black and a female.
I was born in a depression after one world war, and came into my adolescence during another.
While I was still in my teens the first atom bombs were dropped on human beings at Nagasaki and Hiroshimaand by the time I was twenty-three years old my government and that of the Soviet Union had entered actively into the worst conflict of nerves in human history—the Cold War.
This scenario parallels one that Hansberry herself experienced during her youth. Inafter living on the South Side for eight years, the Hansberrys began searching for a larger home.Fantasia Talks Power Of Spiritual Fasting & Getting Husband Back - MadameNoire
Carl Hansberry soon decided on a house in a predominantly white neighborhood. While sitting on the porch one day, eight-year-old Lorraine Hansberry and her sister Mamie watched an angry white mob gather in front of their house. The sisters retreated into the living room and were chased by a brick that crashed through a front window and lodged itself in the opposite wall.
The brick narrowly missed Lorraine. Visitors included noted American sociologist W. Infor example, he campaigned door-to-door throughout his home community in what eventually turned out to be an unsuccessful run for U. By the time Hansberry was in elementary schoolshe knew that she would attend either Howard University, where her sister Mamie later enrolled, or the University of Wisconsin. College and Journalism Hansberry decided to pursue a degree at the University of Wisconsin but ended up staying for only two years, from to She never felt involved in her overall academic life, but outside of class she fell in love with the theater and began forming her radical political beliefs.
Living off campus because housing was unavailable in for black students, Hansberry commuted each day to attend classes in literature, history, philosophy, art, mathematics, and science. Du Bois, who were often guests in their home.
After high school, she attended the University of Wisconsin for two years, where she became increasingly aware of social injustice. After college, Hansberry moved to New York. She began her writing career with the Young Progressives of America magazine.
InHansberry joined Freedom magazine, which was published by actor and activist Paul Robeson. She quickly became associate editor. By this time Hansberry had become a notable contributor to the public discussions of social injustice. Hansberry met her husband Robert Nemiroff on a picket line.
With his support, she began writing plays full-time. A Raisin in the Sun marked a historic moment in American theater.
A Raisin in the Sun was the first Broadway play written by a Black woman, and the first to have a Black director and predominantly Black cast. This was also the first time that the complexities of African-American family life were portrayed on the stage. A Raisin in the Sun tells a story of integration, African cultural influence, religion, social class, old ways versus new, hope and deferred dreams. After the death of Walter Younger Sr. For the matriarch, Lena, it is integration and a new home.
For daughter Beneatha, education is her means to a better life.
Lorraine Hansberry · Big Lives: Profiles of LGBT African Americans · francinebavay.info
The son, Walter Jr, tries to elevate himself and his family by pursuing a business deal that goes awry. A Raisin in the Sun was also made into a film and a stage musical. The film starred the original stage cast, featuring Sidney Poitier as Walter Jr.
Hansberry completed two additional plays during her life. The play revolved around themes of racism, marriage, political action, and prostitution. It also dealt with homosexuality and creativity.