U.S. Senate: The Senate in Session
The writers of the U.S. Constitution thought Congress was so important, they The House and Senate meet separately in the same building, The Capitol in. The United States Senate Chamber is a room in the north wing of the United States Capitol that serves as the legislative chamber of the United States Senate, since January 4, The Senate first convened in its current meeting place after utilizing Federal Here, reporters are able to observe and cover the proceedings of the Senate. The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. . The historical records of the House of Representatives and the Senate are.
Such an occurrence, however, has not been repeated since. In NovemberJoe Biden was elected to the Senate at the age of 29, but he reached his 30th birthday before the swearing-in ceremony for incoming senators in January The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution disqualifies from the Senate any federal or state officers who had taken the requisite oath to support the Constitution, but later engaged in rebellion or aided the enemies of the United States.
This provision, which came into force soon after the end of the Civil War, was intended to prevent those who had sided with the Confederacy from serving. That Amendment, however, also provides a method to remove that disqualification: Elections and term[ edit ] Originally, senators were selected by the state legislaturesnot by popular elections. By the early years of the 20th century, the legislatures of as many as 29 states had provided for popular election of senators by referendums.
Term[ edit ] Senators serve terms of six years each; the terms are staggered so that approximately one-third of the seats are up for election every two years.
This was achieved by dividing the senators of the 1st Congress into thirds called classeswhere the terms of one-third expired after two years, the terms of another third expired after four, and the terms of the last third expired after six years. This arrangement was also followed after the admission of new states into the union.
The staggering of terms has been arranged such that both seats from a given state are not contested in the same general election, except when a mid-term vacancy is being filled.
Current senators whose six-year terms are set to expire on January 3,belong to Class I.
Senate Meeting Places
There is no constitutional limit to the number of terms a senator may serve. The Constitution set the date for Congress to convene—Article 1, Section 4, Clause 2, originally set that date for the third day of December.
The Twentieth Amendmenthowever, changed the opening date for sessions to noon on the third day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
The Twentieth Amendment also states that Congress shall assemble at least once in every year and allows Congress to determine its convening and adjournment dates and other dates and schedules as it desires. Article 1, Section 3, provides that the President has the power to convene Congress on extraordinary occasions at his discretion.
- What Does Congress Do?
- United States Senate
- The Senate in Session
A member who has been elected, but not yet seated, is called a senator-elect; a member who has been appointed to a seat, but not yet seated, is called a senator-designate. List of United States Senate elections Elections to the Senate are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years, Election Dayand coincide with elections for the House of Representatives.
The Elections Clause of the United States Constitution grants each state and Congress, if it so desires to implement a uniform law the power to legislate a method by which senators are elected.
United States Senate chamber
Above the presiding officer's desk at the rostrum was the press gallery. Here, reporters are able to observe and cover the proceedings of the Senate. Inthe chamber was used for a presentation of a narrative poem "The Sleeping Sentinel" about a Union Army soldier, William Scottwho had fallen asleep at his post and was sentenced to be shot.
Among the audience for the performance was the then-President of the United States, Abraham Lincolnwho had actually pardoned the sentinel months earlier. He quickly noted the poor quality of the air in the chamber, arguing that the premature deaths of 34 serving senators over the previous 12 years were caused by the overly hot and poorly humidified air, which he blamed for the spread of common illnesses during the winter and the general discomfort of the chamber during the summer.
In Junethe Senate voted to adopt a measure by Copeland to improve the "living conditions of the Senate Chamber.
On May 16, however, Copeland requested the indefinite postponement of his proposal in light of a new ventilation system that received the endorsement of experts in public health.
The "manufactured weather" ventilation system, designed by Carrier Corporationwas completed in - the Senate's first air conditioning system.
United States Congress - Wikipedia
In place of the chamber's original cast-iron pilastersnewer red Levanto marble pilasters were installed. The wooden rostrum was replaced with a newer, larger version made of marble. The iron and glass ceiling, including the skylight, was replaced with a ceiling of stainless steel and plaster.
This redesign, in addition to improving the acoustic properties of the room, was to update the room's mid-nineteenth century decor, which was then out of date.