The Story Of King Tut's Wife, Ankhesenamun — Who Was Also His Half-Sister
But as Gabolde's new interpretation of the genetic data shows, King Tut's mom may have been none other than his father's first cousin, Nefertiti. World, meet King Tut's mother and likely the true face of #Nefertiti! Ay's title, ' God's Father,' could refer to his relationship to Nefertiti, who as. If the new investigations into King Tut's tomb reveal hidden rooms, could those chambers hold the burial of Nefertiti, the long-lost queen who is.
Little is known of Ankhesenamun, although her half-brother is very famous. King Tutankhamun, or King Tut, is the most famous Egyptian pharaoh on the planet because of his intact, treasure-laden tomb found in Yes, you read that right. Her tragic, incestuous story comes from a time in Egyptian history that saw religious upheaval and attempts to keep royal bloodlines intact.
As a third daughter of the pharaoh, she also served as a possible bride for Akhenaton after her mother died. The Egyptian pharaohs were obsessed with carrying on pure bloodlinesand incest was the only sure way to do that in their minds. Pharaohs saw themselves as descendants of gods, so they deemed incest as acceptable among royals.
Akhenaton wanted to maintain power over the priests of Egypt by keeping his family in power and safe from outsiders. Akhenaton worshiped Aton and made Aton the only god for Egyptians to worship, thereby turning Egypt into a monotheistic society.
Not so fast, said the priests. Eradicating the worship of Amun, a traditional head of the Egyptian pantheon, was a threat to the power of the Egyptian religious caste. By having as many children as possible, Akhenaton could keep his monotheistic religion intact. Wikimedia Commons A depiction of Akhenaton and his family. Briefly, Ankhesenamun may have been married to her father before Akhenaton died. The priests in Egypt held a lot of sway and wealth in Egyptian society.
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The royal family likely would have been killed had they not pledged loyalty to the priests. Tut became pharaoh as a teenager after his father died following a series of regents. Like his father, an incestuous marriage ensued.Egyptian History Whited Out - Queen Nefertiti & King Tut
It was bad enough that the priests tried to erase Akhenaton from the annals of history, but it was also scary that both the king and queen were very young and in charge of running the entire country. In the tomb of Meryre IINefertiti's steward, the royal couple is shown seated in a kiosk with their six daughters in attendance. Two representations of Nefertiti that were excavated by Flinders Petrie appear to show Nefertiti in the middle to later part of Akhenaten's reign 'after the exaggerated style of the early years had relaxed somewhat'.
Another is a small inlay head Petrie Museum Number UC modeled from reddish-brown quartzite that was clearly intended to fit into a larger composition. Meketaten may have died in year 13 or Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and three princesses are shown mourning her. Neferneferuaten Many scholars believe Nefertiti had a role elevated from that of Great Royal Wifeand was promoted to co-regent by her husband Pharaoh Akhenaten before his death.
It is also possible that, in a similar fashion to Hatshepsut, Nefertiti disguised herself as a male and assumed the male alter-ego of Smenkhkare ; in this instance she could have elevated her daughter Meritaten to the role of Great Royal Wife.
If Nefertiti did rule Egypt as Pharaoh, it has been theorized that she would have attempted damage control and may have re-instated the Ancient Egyptian religion and the Amun priests, and had Tutankhamun raised in with the traditional gods.
Zahi Hawass theorized that Nefertiti returned to Thebes from Amarna to rule as Pharaoh, based on ushabti and other feminine evidence of a female Pharaoh found in Tutankhamun's tombas well as evidence of Nefertiti smiting Egypt's enemies which was a duty reserved to kings.
Amarna succession Nefertiti worshipping the Aten. She is given the title of Mistress of the Two Lands. On display at the Ashmolean MuseumOxford. Old theories[ edit ] Fragment with cartouche of Akhenaten, which is followed by epithet Great in his Lifespan and the title of Nefertiti Great King's Wife.
The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London Pre Egyptological theories thought that Nefertiti vanished from the historical record around Year 12 of Akhenaten's reign, with no word of her thereafter. Explanations included a sudden death, by a plague that was sweeping through the city, or some other natural death. This theory was based on the discovery of several ushabti fragments inscribed for Nefertiti now located in the Louvre and Brooklyn Museums.
A previous theory, that she fell into disgrace, was discredited when deliberate erasures of monuments belonging to a queen of Akhenaten were shown to refer to Kiya instead. By the twelfth year of his reign, there is evidence she may have been elevated to the status of co-regent: It is possible Nefertiti is the ruler named Neferneferuaten.
Some theories believe that Nefertiti was still alive and held influence on the younger royals.
If this is the case, that influence and presumably Nefertiti's own life would have ended by year 3 of Tutankhaten's reign BC. In that year, Tutankhaten changed his name to Tutankhamun. This is evidence of his return to the official worship of Amunand abandonment of Amarna to return the capital to Thebes.
This inscription offers incontrovertible evidence that both Akhenaten and Nefertiti were still alive in the 16th year of his i. Akhenaten's reign and, more importantly, that they were still holding the same positions as at the start of their reign. This makes it necessary to rethink the final years of the Amarna Period. This means that Nefertiti was alive in the second to last year of Akhenaten's reign, this pharaoh's final year was his Year 17 and demonstrates that Akhenaten still ruled alone, with his wife by his side.
Therefore, the rule of the female Amarna pharaoh known as Neferneferuaten must be placed between the death of Akhenaten and the accession of Tutankhamun. This female pharaoh used the epithet 'Effective for her husband' in one of her cartouches,  which means she was either Nefertiti or her daughter Meritaten who was married to king Smenkhkare. Burial[ edit ] Limestone trial piece showing head of Nefertiti.
The Story Of King Tut’s Wife, Ankhesenamun — Who Was Also His Half-Sister
Mainly in ink, but the lips were cut out. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London There are many theories regarding Nefertiti's death and burial but, to date, the mummy of this famous queen, her parents, and her children have not been found or formally identified. More evidence to support this identification was that the mummy's teeth look like that of a to year-old, Nefertiti's most likely age of death. Also, unfinished busts of Nefertiti appear to resemble the mummy's face, though other suggestions included Ankhesenamun.
Due to recent age tests on the mummy's teeth, it eventually became apparent that the 'Elder Lady' is in fact Queen Tiyemother of Akhenaten and that the DNA of the mummy is a close, if not direct, match to the lock of hair found in Tutankhamun's tomb.
The lock of hair was found in a coffinette bearing an inscription naming Queen Tiye. To the north [there] appears to be signaled a continuation of tomb KV62and within these uncharted depths an earlier royal interment — that of Nefertiti herself. Fletcher suggested that Nefertiti was the Pharaoh Smenkhkare. Some Egyptologists hold to this view though the majority believe Smenkhkare to have been a separate person. Fletcher led an expedition funded by the Discovery Channel to examine what they believed to have been Nefertiti's mummy.
Mummification techniques, such as the use of embalming fluid and the presence of an intact brainsuggested an eighteenth-dynasty royal mummy. Other elements which the team used to support their theory were the age of the body, the presence of embedded nefer beads, and a wig of a rare style worn by Nefertiti. They further claimed that the mummy's arm was originally bent in the position reserved for pharaohs, but was later snapped off and replaced with another arm in a normal position. Most Egyptologists, among them Kent Weeks and Peter Lacovaragenerally dismiss Fletcher's claims as unsubstantiated.
They say that ancient mummies are almost impossible to identify as a particular person without DNA. As bodies of Nefertiti's parents or children have never been identified, her conclusive identification is impossible. Any circumstantial evidence, such as hairstyle and arm position, is not reliable enough to pinpoint a single, specific historical person.