India–Russia relations - Wikipedia
India Russia relations have remained an important aspect of India's foreign policy . India's relations with USSR were multi-faceted covering various spheres. Main article: Indo-Russian relations. show. v · t · e · Indo-Pakistani War of History India Foreign relations of India. Historically, New Delhi had a solid strategic relation with Moscow during the Cold War, as India had a strong bilateral relation with the Soviet.
Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation
To her relief, the Soviet leadership was open to negotiations. The ensuing Treaty of Friendship and cooperation, signed in Augustwas very loose but sent a strong signal to Washington and Beijing. The treaty was a strong additional incentive for Nixon and Mao to pursue their planned meeting, which took place in February Eventually, since Nixon needed Brezhnev to end the Vietnam War, the frictions between the two superpowers were streamlined which paved the way for the immensely important summit that was convened in Moscow in May On behalf of the Republic of India: On behalf of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: Gromyko, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Who, having each presented their credentials, which are found to be in proper form and due order, have agreed as follows: Each party shall respect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the other party and refrain From interfering in the other's internal affairs. The High Contracting Parties shall continue to develop and consolidate the relations of sincere friendship, good neighbourliness and comprehensive cooperation existing between them on the basis of the aforesaid principles as well as those of equality and mutual benefit.
ARTICLE II Guided by the desire to contribute in every possible way to ensure enduring peace and security of their people, the High Contracting Parties declare their determination to continue their efforts to preserve and to strengthen peace in Asia and throughout the world, to halt the arms race and to achieve general and complete disarmament, including both nuclear and conventional, under effective international control.
ARTICLE III Guided by their loyalty to the lofty ideal of equality of all peoples and nations, irrespective of race or creed, the High Contracting Parties condemn colonialism and racialism in all forms and manifestations, and reaffirm their determination to strive for their final and complete elimination. The High Contracting Parties shall cooperate with other States to achieve these aims and to support the just aspirations of the peoples in their struggle against colonialism and racial domination.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics respects India's policy of non-alignment and reaffirms that this policy constitutes an important factor in the maintenance of universal peace and international security and in the lessening of tensions in the world.
ARTICLE V Deeply interested in ensuring universal peace and security, attaching great importance to their mutual co-operation in the international field for achieving these aims, the High Contracting Parties will maintain regular contacts with each other on major international problems affecting the interests of both the States by means of meetings, and exchanges of views between their leading statesmen, visits by official delegations and special envoys of the two Governments, and through diplomatic channels.
ARTICLE VI Attaching great importance to economic, scientific and technological co-operation between them, the High Contracting Parties will continue to consolidate and expand mutually advantageous and comprehensive co-operation in these fields as well as expand trade, transport and communications between them on the basis of the principles of equality, mutual benefit and most-favoured nation treatment, subject to the existing agreements and the special arrangements with contiguous countries as specified in the Indo - Soviet trade agreement of 26 December Each High Contracting Party undertakes to abstain from any aggression against the other Party and to prevent the use of its territory for the commission of any act which might inflict military damage on the other High Contracting Party.
In the event of either being subjected to an attack or a threat thereof, the High Contracting Parties shall immediately enter into mutual consultations in order to remove such threat and to take appropriate effective measures to ensure peace and the security of their countries.
Each High Contracting Party further declares that no obligation be entered into, between itself and any other State or States, which might cause military damage to the other Party.
At the moment, India and Russia are successfully resisting American pressure. For India, this is primarily a matter of its own security: One can hardly expect a significant increase: But to stop using Russian weapons and reject further purchases would in essence mean the disarmament of India amid global instability in an era of the world order restructuring and the emerging rivalry between the United States and China.
In an interview with valdaiclub.
Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation - Wikipedia
When the US tried to force India to stop military-technical cooperation with Russia, New Delhi took a principled position, confirming its intention to buy Russian weapons even under the threat of sanctions. The question of successful completion of deals became a matter of prestige for India.
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At the same time, the fate of further cooperation remains unclear. The contracts for the supply of anti-aircraft missile systems, frigates and helicopters were agreed before the adoption of CAATSA, and the rough attempt to force India to abandon them met a natural rebuff.How Russia Helped India in 1971 & Why - Relations and Relationship in Friendship History in Telugu
However, in order to conclude new deals with possible consequences, a considerable political will is needed. New Delhi has a few years before the main deliveries under the current contracts are completed, but later it will have to make a choice: Given the assertiveness of the current American leadership, it may be necessary to take the final decision much earlier.