F-sharp major - Wikipedia
In music, an accidental is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a member of the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature. In musical notation, the sharp (♯), flat (♭), and natural (♮) symbols, among .. For example, when a semitone relationship is indicated between F and G, either by placing a. I agree with Bryan Starkweather's answer to quite an extent. Some points to note: 1. Natural key - basically means to play the white key. 2. With the exception of the key of C major (no sharps or flats) and F major (one Of course if a sharp follows the letter name (F#, C#), the key signature will have sharps. the same key signature, as do other keys sharing the same relationship .
You must know whether you're going to be creating a key signature with sharps or flats. What should go through your brain if you are given the following tonic note and asked to provide a major key signature, or provide accidentals to form a major scale based on this note? Is it a major key with sharps or a major key with flats?
The note is B-natural, not Bb, so it's going to be a major key with sharps! If I can determine the name of a major key signature by going up a half-step from the last sharp, then, conversely, I can determine the last sharp by going down a half-step from the tonic note, B.
Man, this theory stuff isn't as confusing as Burnette is making it out to be. It sure is a good thing I memorized the order of sharps or I'd be up a creek right about now.
If A is the last sharp, then the key of B major has five sharps: Piece of cake, eh? Extra ledger lines may be added to show a note that is too high or too low to be on the staff. Vertical bar lines divide the staff into short sections called measures or bars. A double bar line, either heavy or light, is used to mark the ends of larger sections of music, including the very end of a piece, which is marked by a heavy double bar.
The Staff The five horizontal lines are the lines of the staff. In between the lines are the spaces. If a note is above or below the staff, ledger lines are added to show how far above or below. Shorter vertical lines are bar lines. The most important symbols on the staff, the clef symbol, key signature and time signature, appear at the beginning of the staff. Many different kinds of symbols can appear on, above, and below the staff.
The notes and rests are the actual written music. A note stands for a sound; a rest stands for a silence. Other symbols on the staff, like the clef symbol, the key signatureand the time signaturetell you important information about the notes and measures. Symbols that appear above and below the music may tell you how fast it goes tempo markingshow loud it should be dynamic markingswhere to go next repeatsfor example and even give directions for how to perform particular notes accentsfor example.
Other Symbols on the Staff The bar lines divide the staff into short sections called bars or measures. The notes sounds and rests silences are the written music.
Many other symbols may appear on, above, or below the staff, giving directions for how to play the music. Groups of staves Staves are read from left to right. Beginning at the top of the page, they are read one staff at a time unless they are connected. If staves should be played at the same time by the same person or by different peoplethey will be connected at least by a long vertical line at the left hand side. They may also be connected by their bar lines.
Staves played by similar instruments or voices, or staves that should be played by the same person for example, the right hand and left hand of a piano part may be grouped together by braces or brackets at the beginning of each line.
What's the difference between sharp and flat?
Groups of Staves a b When many staves are to be played at the same time, as in this orchestral score, the lines for similar instruments - all the violins, for example, or all the strings - may be marked with braces or brackets. For example, a treble clef symbol tells you that the second line from the bottom the line that the symbol curls around is "G". On any staff, the notes are always arranged so that the next letter is always on the next higher line or space.
The last note letter, G, is always followed by another A. Treble Clef A bass clef symbol tells you that the second line from the top the one bracketed by the symbol's dots is F. The notes are still arranged in ascending order, but they are all in different places than they were in treble clef.
Bass Clef Memorizing the Notes in Bass and Treble Clef One of the first steps in learning to read music in a particular clef is memorizing where the notes are. Many students prefer to memorize the notes and spaces separately.
Here are some of the most popular mnemonics used. If you don't like these ones, you can make up your own. Moveable Clefs Most music these days is written in either bass clef or treble clef, but some music is written in a C clef. The C clef is moveable: C Clefs All of the notes on this staff are middle C.
The bass and treble clefs were also once moveable, but it is now very rare to see them anywhere but in their standard positions. If you do see a treble or bass clef symbol in an unusual place, remember: Bass clef is an F clef; its two dots center around an F. Much more common is the use of a treble clef that is meant to be read one octave below the written pitch. Since many people are uncomfortable reading bass clef, someone writing music that is meant to sound in the region of the bass clef may decide to write it in the treble clef so that it is easy to read.
A very small "8" at the bottom of the treble clef symbol means that the notes should sound one octave lower than they are written. A small "8" at the bottom of a treble clef means that the notes should sound one octave lower than written.
Why use different clefs? Music is easier to read and write if most of the notes fall on the staff and few ledger lines have to be used. These scores show the same notes written in treble and in bass clef. The staff with fewer ledger lines is easier to read and write. The G indicated by the treble clef is the G above middle Cwhile the F indicated by the bass clef is the F below middle C. C clef indicates middle C. So treble clef and bass clef together cover many of the notes that are in the range of human voices and of most instruments.
Voices and instruments with higher ranges usually learn to read treble clef, while voices and instruments with lower ranges usually learn to read bass clef. Instruments with ranges that do not fall comfortably into either bass or treble clef may use a C clef or may be transposing instruments.
Middle C is above the bass clef and below the treble clef; so together these two clefs cover much of the range of most voices and instruments. Write the clef sign at the beginning of the staff, and then write the correct note names below each note.
You may print these exercises as a PDF worksheet if you like. Solution to Exercise 1. If you have done another clef, have your teacher check your answers. From left to right: Double accidentals raise or lower the pitch of a note by two semitones,  an innovation developed as early as An F with a double sharp applied raises it a whole step so it is enharmonically equivalent to a G.
Usage varies on how to notate the situation in which a note with a double sharp or flat is followed in the same measure by a note with a single sharp or flat. Some publications simply use the single accidental for the latter note, whereas others use a combination of a natural and a sharp shown belowwith the natural being understood to apply to only the second sharp.
The double accidental with respect to a specific key signature raises or lowers the notes containing a sharp or flat by a semitone. Conversely, adding a double sharp to any other note not sharped or flatted in the key signature raises the note by two semitones with respect to the chromatic scale. For example, in the aforementioned key signature, any note that is not F, C, G, and D is raised by two semitones instead of one, so an A double sharp raises the note A natural to the enharmonic equivalent of B natural.
In modern scores, a barline cancels an accidental except for a tied note —but publishers often use a courtesy accidental also called a cautionary accidental or reminder accidental to remind the musician of the correct pitch if the same note occurs in the following measure. This practice varies, though a few situations require a courtesy accidental, such as When the first note of a measure had an accidental in the previous measure After a tie carries an accidental across a barline, and the same note appears in the next measure Other uses are inconsistent.
Courtesy accidentals are sometimes enclosed in parentheses to emphasize their role as reminders.
Publishers of free jazz music and some atonal music sometimes eschew all courtesy accidentals. From left to right, half-flat, flat-and-a-half, half-sharp, sharp-and-a-half.
Composers of microtonal music have developed a number of notations for indicating the various pitches outside of standard notation. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, when Turkish musicians switched from their traditional notation systems—which were not staff-based—to the European staff-based system, they refined the European accidental system so they could notate Turkish scales that use intervals smaller than a tempered semitone.