In this lesson, we'll explore how the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. government hold the bureaucracy accountable. We'll also. relations powers to both the executive and legislative branches. the powers to make treaties and appoint ambassadors with the advice and. The relationship between Congress and the President has not been the only aspect of of powers disputes involving the legislative and executive branches. .. guide, Americans in the first years after had a rudimentary concept of.
So in line with this passage, there's really two big ideas embedded in the Constitution as to how our government is structured.
Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Branches by Sam Williams on Prezi
The first is this notion of separation of powers. We have three branches of government. You have your executive, headed by the president. You have your legislative branch, which is Congress. And you have your judicial branch, which is the US Supreme Court. And this notion of separation of powers is that you have these fairly independent branches of government, and the idea was to make them reasonably independent so that one group, one branch, could not take over the others.
The legislative branch, Congress, they're charged with budget, and they're charged with creating and passing laws.
The executive branch, headed by the president, is supposed to execute, run the government, based on the laws that Congress passes. We explain the separation of powers principle and the concept of checks and balances below.
First a quote from James Madison, the founding father who helped ensure a separation of powers for America. In the United States we have created a bit of a civil religion out of the concept of the separation of powers, and this makes sense, it is a key to our republic.
Separation of powers and checks and balances
This principle is like liberty, not every nation has it, but no nation has a monopoly on it. Learn more about the types of governments and the philosophers as historians.
In America, the Founding Father James Madison was inspired by Montesquieu, and he drafted the Constitution based largely on his principles. House and Senate and U. The idea of a Confederate Republic also comes from Montesquieu, and this too relates to the separation of powers.
It is made up of members that are appointed by the Governor General, on advice of the Prime Minister, based on regional representation and other individual requirements. Senators are not elected. The Constitution states that senators are to be appointed based on regional representation and that they must meet specific requirements. Twenty-four senators must be from each of Ontario, Quebec, the Maritimes and the western provinces.
Six senators are to be appointed from Newfoundland and one senator is to be appointed from each of the three territories. Senators usually affiliate with a political party although some may choose to sit as independents. Judicial Branch The judicial branch of government interprets and applies the law. Courts operate at both federal and provincial levels. The provincial courts include the superior courts or courts of appeal in each province or territory.
The courts deal with all manners of law in Canada including Aboriginal law, administrative law, contract law, constitutional law, criminal law, property law, and tort law.
Judges interpret legislation and have the power to strike it down.
Separation of powers and checks and balances (video) | Khan Academy
A government may also ask the court for advice on a major legal issue. According to the Constitution, appointment of judges to provincial superior courts trial or appellate is made by the Governor General.
In practice, the Governor General appoints judges based on the advice of the Prime Minister and his or her cabinet. Appointments to provincial courts are made by the Lieutenant Governor of each province on the advice of the provincial government. Appointments to the federal courts Federal Court of Appeal and Federal Court Trial Division that have jurisdiction for all of Canada are made by the Governor General on the advice of the government.