President Hoover And J Edgar Hoover | J Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover was director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for 48 Hoover himself was a closeted homosexual – and had a sexual relationship. John Edgar Hoover (January 1, – May 2, ) was an American law enforcement .. He gave many dogs to notable people, such as Presidents Herbert Hoover (no relation) and Lyndon B. Johnson, and buried seven canine pets. Was there any blood relation between President Herbert Hoover and FBI Director J Edgar Hoover - trivia question /questions answer / answers.
So was the most powerful man in America, who died in -- three years after the Stonewall riots marked the modern gay civil rights movement -- homosexual? I am agnostic about it. I don't really know and nobody really knew.
But privately, according to some biographers, he had numerous trysts with men, including a lifelong affair with Tolson. Dissociation -- denying homosexuality, but displaying sexual behavior -- is "not uncommon," according to Dr. Jack Dreschera New York City psychiatrist who is an expert in gender and sexuality. Men with strong attractions to other men can have different degrees of acceptance from being fully closeted to being openly gay.
And even if they are homosexually self-aware, they can embrace it or reject it publicly.
Joseph McCarthy in his anti-communist campaign of the s and who successfully convicted Julius and Ethel Rosenberg of espionage, denied he was gay, despite an attraction to men.
Cohn, who died of AIDS inwas a contemporary of Hoover and according to one biography, the two attended sex parties together in New York in the s. Cohn was characterized in a scene from Tony Kuschner's play, "Angels in America," speaking to his doctor: You think these are names that tell you who someone sleeps with, but they don't tell you that Despite his same-sex dalliances, he occasionally sought a "Mrs.
Hoover" and even courted -- albeit uncomfortably -- actress Ginger Rogers' mother and actress Dorothy Lamour. Hoover's neuroses were likely rooted in childhood: He was ashamed of his mentally ill father and was dependent on his morally righteous mother, Annie, well into middle age. Until her death inHoover had no social life outside the office.
J Edgar Hoover Had Sex With Men, But Was He a Homosexual? - ABC News
In the film, Annie chastises her powerful son as he wilted before some of his FBI critics, telling him, "I'd rather have a dead son than a daffodil for a son. One page secret document was on the extracurricular activities of Capote himself, who was openly gay.
But Anthony Summerswho exposed the secret sex life of Hoover in his book, "Official and Confidential: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover," said there was no ambiguity about the FBI director's sexual proclivities. Summers collaborated with historians and conducted interviews for the book, including nieces and those who were young enough at the time to have known the man personally. With interest in the Eastwood film, publishers in the U. One medical expert told Summers that Hoover was "strongly predominant homosexual orientation" and another categorized him as a "bisexual with failed heterosexuality.
Edgar Hoover, let go on occasion," he said. Coast and Geodetic Survey, formerly a plate maker for the same organization. Hoover did not have a birth certificate filed upon his birth, although it was required in in Washington. Two of his siblings did have certificates, but Hoover's was not filed until when he was He attended Central High Schoolwhere he sang in the school choir, participated in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps program, and competed on the debate team.
He eventually spoke with such ferocious speed that stenographers had a hard time following him. The library was a half mile from his house. The experience shaped both Hoover and the creation of the FBI profiles; as Hoover noted in a letter: It gave me an excellent foundation for my work in the FBI where it has been necessary to collate information and evidence.
Postal Inspectorwho waged prolonged campaigns against fraudvicepornographyand birth control. Out of a list of 1, suspicious Germans living in the U. Burnswas involved in the Teapot Dome scandal. He frequently fired Bureau agents, singling out those he thought "looked stupid like truck drivers," or whom he considered "pinheads.
Melvin Purvis was a prime example: Purvis was one of the most effective agents in capturing and breaking up s gangs, and it is alleged that Hoover maneuvered him out of the Bureau because he was envious of the substantial public recognition Purvis received. One whom he often commended for particular effectiveness was the conservative sheriff of Caddo Parish, LouisianaJ.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message In the early s, criminal gangs carried out large numbers of bank robberies in the Midwest. They used their superior firepower and fast getaway cars to elude local law enforcement agencies and avoid arrest.
Many of these criminals frequently made newspaper headlines across the United States, particularly John Dillingerwho became famous for leaping over bank cages, and repeatedly escaping from jails and police traps.
The gangsters enjoyed a level of sympathy in the Midwest, as banks and bankers were widely seen as oppressors of common people during the Great Depression.
The robbers operated across state lines, and Hoover pressed to have their crimes recognized as federal offenses so that he and his men would have the authority to pursue them and get the credit for capturing them.
Initially, the Bureau suffered some embarrassing foul-ups, in particular with Dillinger and his conspirators. A raid on a summer lodge in Manitowish Waters, Wisconsincalled " Little Bohemia ," left a Bureau agent and a civilian bystander dead and others wounded; all the gangsters escaped. Hoover realized that his job was then on the line, and he pulled out all stops to capture the culprits. In late JulySpecial Agent Melvin Purvis, the Director of Operations in the Chicago office, received a tip on Dillinger's whereabouts that paid off when Dillinger was located, ambushed, and killed by Bureau agents outside the Biograph Theater.
These included those of Machine Gun Kelly inof Dillinger inand of Alvin Karpis inwhich led to the Bureau's powers being broadened. Inthe FBI became pre-eminent in the field of domestic intelligence, thanks in large part to changes made by Hoover, such as expanding and combining fingerprint files in the Identification Division, to compile the largest collection of fingerprints to date,   and Hoover's help to expand the FBI's recruitment and create the FBI Laboratorya division established in to examine and analyze evidence found by the FBI.
American Mafia[ edit ] During the s Hoover persistently denied the existence of organized crimeeven while there were numerous shootings as a result of Mafia control of and competition over the Prohibition -created black-market.
During the s through mids, he seemed to ignore organized crime of the type that ran vice rackets such as drugsprostitutionand extortion. He denied that any Mafia operated in the U.
In the s, evidence of Hoover's unwillingness to focus FBI resources on the Mafia became grist for the media and his many detractors.
The Apalachin Meeting of late embarrassed the FBI by proving on newspaper front pages that a nationwide Mafia syndicate thrived unimpeded by the nation's "top cops. Its concentration on the topic fluctuated in subsequent decades, but it never again merely ignored this category of crime.
According to critics, Hoover tended to exaggerate the dangers of these alleged subversives and many times overstepped his bounds in his pursuit of eliminating that perceived threat. A year battle by historian Jon Wiener under the Freedom of Information Act eventually resulted in the release of documents like this one.
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Hundleya Justice Department prosecutor, said Hoover may have inadvertently kept alive the concern over communist infiltration into the government, quipping that Hoover's "informants were nearly the only ones that paid the party dues. The two teams were apprehended after one of the men contacted the FBI and told them everything. He was also charged and convicted. He went on to add, inthat the United States Attorney General had to be informed of its use in each case.
Jackson left it to Hoover to decide how and when to use wiretaps, as he found the "whole business" distasteful. Jackson's successor at the post of Attorney General, Francis Biddledid turn down Hoover's requests on occasion.
They did not initially realize that espionage was being committed, but the Soviet's multiple use of one-time pad ciphers which with single use are unbreakable created redundancies that allowed some intercepts to be decoded.Inside J. Edgar Hoover's FBI: Secrets, Myths, History, Investigations, Career, Director (1995)
These established that espionage was being carried out. Clark authorized Hoover to compile a list of potentially disloyal Americans who might be detained during a wartime national emergency.