Daimyo | Japanese social class | francinebavay.info
Daimyo held large domains with the assistance of samurai retainers, who of daimyo, shinpan, fudai, and tozama, according to their relationship with . The God of War was believed to reside in the daimyo flags, and when. Good Websites and Sources on the Samurai Era in Japan: Good Photos at . The Emperor was equivalent to the God for the countrymen. . According to “ Topics in Japanese Cultural History”: Bakufu relations with the daimyo were complex. Japan's daimyo lords were large land owners and vassals who governed A samurai warrior kneels before his daimyo lord, Japan,
Claiming loyalty to one lord, they adhered to a value system that promoted the virtues of honor, loyalty, and courage. As in the Kamakura period, the Ashikaga shogun was supported by direct vassals and by powerful but more independent regional daimyo, who administered the provinces. These regional leaders were expected to maintain order, administer justice, and ensure the delivery of taxes. These practices were avidly pursued even during the years of growing disunity culminating in the Onin Civil War — Woodblock print, ink and colors on paper.
An introduction to the Samurai
The Third Warrior Government: The Tokugawa military government, based in a new capital city at Edo present-day Tokyoachieved unparalleled control over the country, lasting more than years, from to For these and other reasons, the era of Tokugawa rule was a time of peace, when the warriors were increasingly called upon to fulfill bureaucratic roles. Under the Tokugawa shogunate land taxes were based on an assessment of rice productivity.
This calculation determined the allotment of daimyo domains and samurai stipends: In the Tokugawa system, there were about daimyo domains, each with its own castle, served and protected by samurai vassals. The distribution of land to the daimyo was based on security considerations, and the government held absolute control over all appointments.
For example, the shogun might appoint a loyal daimyo to oversee a restless domain. Though entrusted with the administration of their domains, the daimyo thus held no authority independent of the central government.
The Tokugawa authority was strengthened by their direct control over an immense area of land surrounding the Edo capital present-day Tokyo ; they also held authority over the other major urban centers. There was even religious conflict to rival that of Europe, as some clans chose to embrace the Christian influence introduced by newly arrived European explorers, while others vehemently resisted it.
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- Knights and Samurai: Comparing the Feudal Structures of Japan and Europe
But the feudal system was never even uniform across Europe, so it's unlikely to be so among cultures separated by such vast distance. For all the similarities on the surface, deeper inspection reveals important differences in the values that governed political and economic relationships in Japan and Europe during their respective feudal periods.
There may not have been any paper to sign, but the oath itself was the closest thing to a legal contract. But a samurai swore no such oath, and there was no legal contract of any kind. The bond between samurai and lord resembled a bond of kinship rather than a legal agreement, and the obedience of a samurai to his lord was like that expected of a son by his father.
Daimyo - New World Encyclopedia
Both relationships were invested with duty and honour, but for different reasons. Furthermore, in Europe the bond between a lord and vassal stipulated obligations on both sides, with the lord expected to provide protection and land while the vassal provided military and advisory aid.
A Japanese Daimyo had no such obligations to his samurai, though a wise Daimyo preferred to avoid angering his vassals. If he did gift a vassal with land, it was to reward loyal service, not to secure it.
What was the relationship between the samurai, bushido, seppuku, and the daimyo? | Socratic
Which brings up another major difference. Land was the basis of the lord-vassal relationship in Europe, but in Japan, the bond itself was what mattered. As such, a knight or noble given land that belonged to more than one lord owed fealty to all of them; whereas a samurai served one lord, and one lord only. Of course, in reality samurai could and did experience conflicted loyalties. These daimyo were appointed as military governors shugo under the Ashikaga shoguns hereditary military dictatorsand they held legal jurisdiction over areas as large as provinces.
In the second half of the 15th century the shugo daimyo were supplanted by the Sengoku daimyo i. By the late 15th century the Sengoku daimyo had divided Japan into a series of small, belligerent states as each individual daimyo competed for the control of more territory. The Sengoku daimyo built castles in the hill country from which they controlled their vassals, who likewise were petty landowners with castles.
In the 16th century the Sengoku daimyo fought among themselves constantly, and a process of consolidation ensued, with fewer and fewer daimyo emerging from the local wars and each holding more and more territory. In Oda Nobunaga began the movement of decisive military conquest over the daimyo that was later carried on by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and completed in by Tokugawa Ieyasu. By this time roughly daimyo had been brought under the hegemony of the Tokugawa family, the head of which served as shogun.