Chanakya Quotes Everyone Can Learn From | Sunil Daman
Chanakya worked hard to raise Chandragupta Maurya so that India would to his court and found him ugly and did not listen to any of his advice. So he devised a plan where he arranged Chandragupta's marriage to. 2 Chanakya's advice on being invincible; 3 Chanakya's rise: a bold stand and fight; to make a fair division (of property) among relations; Chanakya assisted the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta in his rise to power. So, Chandragupta, according to the advice of Chanakya, formed an alliance with Seleucus however, offered his daughter's hand in marriage to Chandragupta.
They managed to evade capture and one day, under disguise, while wandering the city, they overheard a mother scold her child for eating his cake from the center and wasting the edges. On learning their lesson, they took the right course and captured areas around the capital city first. Soon they marched on to Pataliputra and overthrew Dhanananda. Chandragupta was appointed king and Chanakya persuaded a fisherman to reveal the location of Dhanananda's treasury and had the fisherman killed.
His revenge was complete. A king's servant disrespected Chanakya and threw him out, so he came back with Chandragupta to dethrone him. According to the Jains, the monks claimed Chanakya was born to be the power behind a throne as he had a full set of teeth. His father, fearing that he might get arrogant broke his teeth. Chanakya, married a Brahmin woman, who was often ridiculed for marrying a poor man. Chanakya had heard rumours of Dhanananda being generous towards Brahmins.
So, seeking donation, he went to visit him. While waiting for the king, he sat on his throne. A servant offered him a different seat.
The Incredible Story Of Chanakya’s Revenge Which Brought Down An Entire Empire
But Chanakya simply placed his water pot on it and did not leave the throne. More offers of other seats were met by more objects being placed on them. He knew of the prophecy the monks had made and plotted his revenge. He helped a pregnant lady in the forest on the condition that her son would belong to him.
That kid was Chandragupta. Chandragupta's conviction as king while playing his friends proved his worth to Chanakya. The rest of the story is pretty similar. In this version, they overheard the mother scolding her son for putting his finger in the middle of some hot porridge. She said he should have started with the cooler areas around the edges and compared it to Chandragupta's failed plot.
This time they made allies nearby and invaded villages around the capital. Soon a successful siege on Pataliputra saw Chandragupta on the throne and Dhanananda dead.
There are two more versions which aren't as reliable though. An impostor king insulted Chanakya, so he used magic to kill him. According to the Kashmiri version, 3 disciples of a sage arrive for gurudakshina at Dhanananda's doorstep only to find out that he's dead.
One of them takes form in Dhanananda's body and grants the other disciple a huge donation. Shakatala, the minister, realised it but he was locked up, along with his sons. All his kids die of starvation since food for only man was served everyday. He promises him that the king would give Chanakya gold coins. However, when they reach the court, he arranges for someone else to get it. Shakatala convinces an angry Chanakya that it was the king's fault and asks him to use magic to kill the king.
He agrees and and the fake Dhanananda died in 7 days. A king removed him from his court so Chanakya formed alliances to overthrow him. In this version, Chanakya is removed from a seat at the kingdom and he plans to take revenge by forming alliances with many armies.Excellent view of Chanakya on What is Love & How over limit of attraction & attachment is harmful..!
With Chandragupta by his side he conquered Pataliputra. Many Greek accounts suggest that the army of Chandragupta Maurya consisted of more thanfoot soldiers, war elephants and cavalry. The entire army was well trained, well paid and enjoyed a special status as per the advice of Chanakya. Chandragupta and Chanakya also came up with weapon manufacturing facilities which made them almost invincible in the eyes of their enemies.
Chandragupta Maurya - Wikipedia
But they used their power only to intimidate their opponents and more often than not settled the scores using diplomacy rather than war. Chanakya believed that this would be the right way of doing things according to dharma, something which he has highlighted in the Arthashastra.
- 101 Chanakya Quotes Everyone Can Learn From
Different religions like Buddhism, Jainism, Brahmanism ancient Hinduism and Ajivika thrived under his rule. Since the entire empire had uniformity in its administration, economy and infrastructure, the subjects enjoyed their privileges and hailed Chandragupta Maurya as the greatest emperor.
This worked in the favor of his administration which subsequently led to a flourished empire. Legends Associated with Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya A Greek text describes Chandragupta Maurya as a mystic who could control the behavior of aggressive wild animals like lions and elephants.
One such account states that when Chandragupta Maurya was resting after a battle with his Greek opponents, a huge lion appeared before him. When the Greek soldiers thought that the lion would attack and probably kill the great Indian emperor, the unimaginable happened.
Another such reference claims that a wild elephant which was destroying anything and everything on its way was controlled by Chandragupta Maurya. When it comes to Chanakya, there are no shortages of mystical legends. It is said that Chanakya was an alchemist and that he could turn a single piece of gold coin into eight different pieces of gold coins. In fact, it is claimed that Chanakya used alchemy to turn a small wealth of his into a treasure, which would later be used to buy a large army.
This very army was the platform on which the Maurya Empire was built. It is also said that Chanakya was born with a complete set of teeth, which had the fortune tellers predicting that he would become a great king. This act of his got the fortune tellers predicting again and this time around they told his father that he would become the reason behind an establishment of an empire.
Personal Life Chandragupta Maurya married Durdhara and was leading a happy married life. Unfortunately, during the last stage of her pregnancy, queen Durdhara consumed some of the food which was meant to be served to Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya, who entered the palace at that time, realized that Durdhara would no longer live and hence decided to save the unborn child. The Renunciation When Bindusara became an adult, Chandragupta Maurya decided to pass on the baton to his only son Bindusara.
After making him the new emperor, he requested Chanakya to continue his services as the chief advisor of the Maurya dynasty and left Patliputra. He renounced all worldly pleasures and became a monk as per the tradition of Jainism.
He traveled far into the south of India before settling down in Shravanabelagola present day Karnataka. Death Around BC, under the guidance of his spiritual guru Saint Bhadrabahu, Chandragupta Maurya decided to give up his mortal body through Sallekhana.
Hence he started fasting and on one fine day inside a cave at Shravanabelagola, he breathed his last, ending his days of self-starvation. Today, a small temple sits on the place where once the cave, inside which he passed away, is believed to have been located.
Legacy Chandragupta Maurya's son Bindusara succeeded him to the throne. Bindusara fathered a son, Ashoka, who went on to become one of the most powerful kings of the Indian subcontinent.
In fact, it was under Ashoka that the Maurya Empire saw its complete glory. The empire went on to become one of the largest in the entire world. The empire flourished across generations for more than years. Chandragupta Maurya was also responsible in uniting the most of present day India.
Until the establishment of the Maurya Empire, this great country was ruled over by many Greek and Persian kings, forming their own territories. Till date, Chandragupta Maurya remains to be one of the most important and influential emperors of ancient India.