APHRODITE FAMILY - Greek Mythology
Ares is the god of war, one of the Twelve Olympian gods and the son of Zeus and Hera. For example, one famous story of Ares and Aphrodite exposes them to Ares was most often characterized as a coward in spite of his connection to. Zeus married Aphrodite to Hephaestus, when the god demanded her in order to release Hera from a magical trap. Zeus also saw this marriage as a solution to. Aphrodite is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. She was also the patron goddess of prostitutes, an association which led early scholars to .. In the most famous story, Zeus hastily married Aphrodite to Hephaestus in order to prevent the other gods from fighting over her.
Hymns to Ares[ edit ] Homeric Hymn 8 to Ares trans. Evelyn-White Greek epic 7th to 4th centuries BC "Ares, exceeding in strength, chariot-rider, golden-helmed, doughty in heart, shield-bearer, Saviour of cities, harnessed in bronze, strong of arm, unwearying, mighty with the spear, O defence of Olympus, father of warlike Victory, ally of Themis, stern governor of the rebellious, leader of righteous men, sceptred King of manliness, who whirl your fiery sphere among the planets in their sevenfold courses through the aether wherein your blazing steeds ever bear you above the third firmament of heaven; hear me, helper of men, giver of dauntless youth!
Shed down a kindly ray from above upon my life, and strength of war, that I may be able to drive away bitter cowardice from my head and crush down the deceitful impulses of my soul. Restrain also the keen fury of my heart which provokes me to tread the ways of blood-curdling strife.
Rather, O blessed one, give you me boldness to abide within the harmless laws of peace, avoiding strife and hatred and the violent fiends of death. Magnanimous, unconquered, boisterous Ares, in darts rejoicing, and in bloody wars; fierce and untamed, whose mighty power can make the strongest walls from their foundations shake: Thee human blood, and swords, and spears delight, and the dire ruin of mad savage fight.
Stay furious contests, and avenging strife, whose works with woe embitter human life; to lovely Kyrpis [Aphrodite] and to Lyaios [Dionysos] yield, for arms exchange the labours of the field; encourage peace, to gentle works inclined, and give abundance, with benignant mind.
Ares was the progenitor of the water-dragon slain by Cadmusfor the dragon's teeth were sown into the ground as if a crop and sprang up as the fully armored autochthonic Spartoi.
In this way, Cadmus harmonized all strife and founded the city of Thebes. He reported the incident to Hephaestus. Dionysos next approached the god, and suggested that he might claim Aphrodite for himself if he were to release his mother willingly. Hephaistos was pleased with the plan and ascended to Heaven with Dionysos, released his mother and wed the reluctant Love-Goddess.
Shewring Greek epic C8th B. Way Greek epic C4th A. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. One of the Greek legends is that Hephaistos, when he was born, was thrown down by Hera. In revenge he sent as a gift a golden chair with invisible fetters.
When Hera sat down she was held fast, and Hephaistos refused to listen to any other of the gods [including Ares] save Dionysos--in him he reposed the fullest trust--and after making him drunk Dionysos brought him to heaven.
Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Then he obtained freedom of choice from Jove [Zeus], to gain whatever he sought from them. The requested bride was perhaps Aphrodite rather than Athene in the original version of this story. When Ares tried to fetch Hephaistos to Olympos to release Hera from the throne, the prize for this labour being the hand of Aphrodite in marriage, which Hephaistos claimed for himself.
Meanwhile Dionysos, enters, leading the mule on which Hephaistos is seated, to Aphrodite who stands waiting as the prize of marriage. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. They [Hera and Athene] entered the courtyard and paused below the veranda of the room where the goddess slept with her lord and master. She wished to please Hephaistos, the great Artificer, and save his isle of Lemnos from ever lacking men again. The whole city [of Lemnos] was alive with dance and banquet.Aphrodite & Adonis - In my arms (daughters of zeus books)
The scent of burnt-offerings filled the air; and of all the immortals, it was Hera's glorious son Hephaistos and Kypris [Aphrodite] herself whom their songs and sacrifices were designed to please. Day-Lewis Roman epic C1st B. Since Volcanos [Hephaistos] complied not at once, the goddess softly embraced him in snowdrift arms, caressing him here and there. Of a sudden he caught the familiar spark and felt the old warmth darting into his marrow, coursing right though his body, melting him; just as it often happens a thunderclap starts a flaming rent which ladders the dark cloud, a quivering streak of fire.
Pleased with her wiles and aware of her beauty, Venus [Aphrodite] could feel them taking effect. Volcanus [Hephaistos], in love's undying thrall [conceded to her requests].
Thus saying, he gave his wife the love he was aching to give her; then he sank into soothing sleep, relaxed upon her breast. Ares had offered many gifts to the garlanded divinity and covered with shame the marriage bed of Lord Hephaistos.
But Helios the sun-god had seen them in their dalliance and hastened away to tell Hephaistos; to him the news was bitter as gall, and he made his way towards his smithy, brooding revenge. He laid the great anvil on its base and set himself to forge chains that could not be broken or torn asunder, being fashioned to bind lovers fast.
Such was the device that he made in his indignation against Ares, and having made it he went to the room where his bed lay; all round the bed-posts he dropped the chains, while others in plenty hung from the roof-beams, gossamer-light and invisible to the blessed gods themselves, so cunning had been the workmanship. When the snare round the bed was complete, he made as if to depart to Lemnos, the pleasant-sited town, which he loved more than any place on earth.
Ares, god of the golden reins, was no blind watcher. Once he had seen Hephaistos go, he himself approached the great craftman's dwelling, pining for love of Kytherea [Aphrodtie]. As for her, she had just returned from the palace of mighty Zeus her father, and was sitting down in the house as Ares entered it. He took her hand and spoke thus to her: Hephaistos is no longer here; by now, I think, he has made his way to Lemnos, to visit the uncouth-spoken Sintians.
So they went to the bed and there lay down, but the cunning chains of crafty polyphron Hephaistos enveloped them, and they could neither raise their limbs nor shift them at all; so they saw the truth when there was no escaping. Meanwhile the lame craftsman god periklytos Amphigueeis approached; he had turned back short of the land of Lemnos, since watching Helios the sun-god had told him everything. Cut to the heart, he neared his house and halted inside the porch; savage anger had hold of him, and he roared out hideously, crying to all the gods: Aphrodite had Zeus for father; because I am lame she never ceased to do me outrage and give her love to destructive Ares, since he is handsome and sound-footed and I am a cripple from my birth; yet for that my two parents are to blame, no one else at all, and I wish they had never begotten me.
You will see the pair of lovers now as they lie embracing in my bed; the sight of them makes me sick at heart. Yet I doubt their desire to rest there longer, fond as they are.
They will soon unwish their posture there; but my cunning chains shall hold them both fast till her father Zeus has given me back all the betrothal gifts I bestowed on him for his wanton daughter; beauty she has, but no sense of shame. Poseidon the Earth-Sustainer came, and Hermes the Mighty Runner, and Lord Apollon who shoots from afar; but the goddesses, every one of them, kept within doors for very shame. Thus then the bounteous gods stood at the entrance. Laughter they could not quench rose on the lips of these happy beings as they fixed their eyes on the stratagem of Hephaistos, and glancing each at his neighbour said some such words as these: For Poseidon there was no laughing; he kept imploring the master smith Hephaistos in hopes that he would let Ares go.
He spoke in words of urgent utterance: Pledges for trustless folk are trustless pledges. If Ares should go his way, free of his chains and his debt alike, what then? Ares, the Unloved God Since he was the savage god of senseless war, Ares was almost universally detested. The episode with Diomedes is only one of many in which Ares comes off second-best in his martial encounters. During the Trojan WarAthena needs no more than one stone to floor him, after which she spends some time mocking him and bragging of her superiority as a warrior.
Heracles defeats Ares not once, but twice — first during the battle of Pylos, and then after killing his son Cycnus. Most humiliatingly, Otus and Ephialtes, the Aloadae, once manage to kidnap Ares and imprison him in a bronze jar for thirteen months. Ares and Aphrodite Ares had many women, but none of his affairs was as famous as the one he had with Aphrodite. Hephaestus fashioned a delicate, almost invisible, bronze net, which he put on the bed where Ares and Aphrodite were supposed to lie.
Aphrodite - Wikipedia
When they finally did in his absence, he stormed into the room with a host of gods. The Olympians laughed for days at the helplessly entrapped lovers. However, it seems that in this case, Ares had the last laugh, since Aphrodite bore him at least three and as many as eight children.